Tetralycosa oraria (L. Koch, 1876)

Male and female of Tetralycosa oraria [as illustrated in Koch, 1876a]. Cephalothorax length male 4 mm, female 5 mm.

Female and male of Teralycosa oraria [as illustrated as Lycosa candicans in Koch (1877a)]. Cephalothorax length female 5.5 mm, male 5.5 mm.

Female epigyne of Tetralycosa oraria (as illustrated as Lycosa sibyllina in Simon (1909d)].

Systematics and Taxonomy

Lycosa oraria L. Koch, 1876a: 883-886, plate 76, Figs 2, 2A, 3, 3A.
Lycosa oraria L. Koch.- Simon, 1909d: 188.
Lycosa candicans L. Koch 1877a: 888-890, plate 76, Figs. 5, 5a, 6, 6a-b (new synonymy in Framenau, Gotch & Austin, in press).
Lycosa sibyllina Simon, 1909d: 188-189. Fig. 7 (new synonymy in McKay, 1979e).
Lycosa meracula Simon 1909: 190-191 (new synonymy in Framenau, Gotch & Austin, in press).
Lycosa candicans L. Koch.- Rainbow, 1911: 266.
Lycosa oraria L. Koch.- Rainbow, 1911: 270.
Lycosa meracula Simon.- Rainbow, 1911: 270.
Lycosa sibyllina Simon.- Rainbow, 1911: 272.
Lycosa candicans L. Koch.- Hickman, 1950: 5.
Crocodilosa oraria (L. Koch).- Roewer, 1955c: 238.
Hogna sibyllina (Simon).- Roewer, 1955c: 253.
Tetralycosa meracula (Simon).- Roewer, 1955c: 296.
Trochosula candicans (L. Koch).- Roewer, 1955c: 304.
Lycosa candicans L. Koch.- Bonnet, 1957: 2637.
Lycosa oraria L. Koch.- Bonnet, 1957: 2656.
Lycosa sibyllina Simon.- Bonnet, 1957: 2664.
Trochosomma oraria (L. Koch).- Roewer, 1960d: 847.
Tetralycosa meracula (Simon).- Roewer, 1960d: 949.
Trochosomma oraria (L. Koch).- Roewer, 1961a: 14.
Tetralycosa meracula (Simon).- Rack 1961: 38.
Lycosa sibyllina Simon.- McKay, 1973: 379.
Ocyale oraria (L. Koch).- McKay, 1973: 380.
Lycorma meracula (Simon).- McKay, 1973: 380.
Trochosa candicans (L. Koch).- McKay, 1973: 381.
not Lycosa meracula sensu McKay 1979d: 264, Figs. 9a-k (misidentification; not L. meracula but an undescribed species).
Trochosa oraria (L. Koch).- McKay, 1979e: 279-282, Figs 1A-H.
Trochosa candicans (L. Koch).- McKay, 1979e: 293-294, Fig. 4E.
Lycosa meracula Simon.- McKay, 1985b: 80.
Trochosa candicans (L. Koch).- McKay, 1985b: 85.
Trochosa oraria (L. Koch).- McKay, 1985b: 86.
Lycosa meracula Simon.- Platnick, 1989: 372.
Trochosa candicans (L. Koch).- Platnick, 1989: 390.

Trochosa oraria (L. Koch).- Platnick, 1989: 391.
Lycosa meracula Simon.- Moritz, 1992: 320.
Lycosa sibyllina Simon.- Moritz, 1992: 325.
Trochosa oraria (L. Koch).- Platnick, 1993: 510.
Tetralycosa oraria (L. Koch).- Framenau, Gotch & Austin, in press: ##-##, Fig. 58.


Syntypes of Lycosa oraria:

Syntypes of Lycosa candicans:

Holotype of Lycosa sibyllina:

Syntypes of Lycosa meracula:

(All three juvenile syntypes of L. meracula are not conspecific with the syntype male, but represent a different, undescribed species (Framenau et al. 2005).


Female (A-F) and male pedipalp (G-H) of Tetralycosa oraria [as illustrated in McKay (1979e)]. Cepahlothorax length females 4.2 - 6.8 mm, males 3.5 - 4.5 mm.


Sandy beaches in southern Australia (south of 25°S), from Western Australia to New South Wales, including Tasmania (Framenau, Gotch & Austin, in press).

Biological Reference

Coastal sandy and pebble habitats (McKay, 1979e).


Female (A-E, H-J) and male pedipalp (F, G) of an undescribed species that was redescribed by McKay (1979d) as Lycosa meracula. Cephalothorax length females 6.3 - 12.0 mm.


© Volker W. Framenau, 2002

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Latest changes: 28 October 2005.